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Eric Erskine Campbell Tufnell (1888-1978):
H.M.S.Hood & "Prince of Wales" 5.30 am 24 May 1941
Framed (ref: 7031)
Signed and inscribed with title,
10 1/4 x 14 1/4 in. (26 x37 cm)
Exhibited: WW2 - War Pictures by British Artists, Morley College London, 28 October -23 November 2016, cat 21.
Literature: WW2 - War Pictures by British Artists, Edited by Sacha Llewellyn & Paul Liss, July 2016, cat 21, page 58.
The Hood was a WW1 design battlecruiser - the last ever built. She and the PoW encountered the German battleship Bismark and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen in the Denmark Strait on 24 May 1941 and began to exchange fire. The Hood was hit and sank quickly - out of the 1418 men on board, only three survived. It was a bad moment for British morale, though the Bismark was sunk by by other British ships a few days later.
This picture shows the Hood shortly before it was hit by German shellfire and sunk. The film 'Sink the Bismark!', adapted from a novel by CS Forester, included this episode.
Starting as a Cadet in 1903 at the age of fifteen Tufnell had a long - though not always distinguished - career in the Navy. His Naval Log and Journal covering the years 1904-7 illustrated with sketches, maps, sectional drawings of ships, photographs and newspaper cuttings is now in the Surrey County Archives. Sketching was an activity he continued throughout his career. During WW1 he served CO of D4 which had HMS Vulcan as its depot ship on the Firth of Forth and was part of the 3rd Submarine Flotilla. He was described by a senior officer as "having an artistic temperament but does not appear to mind discomfort".
Later during WW1 he was posted to HMS Victory at Portsmouth for "special services in motor launches of hydrophonic flotilla" and In December 1918 he was given command of M18, a shore bombardment Monitor with a huge 9.2 inch Gun which served in the Baltic from April to June 1919. Tufnell was "mentioned in Despatches" (MID) for "services to Russia" in the 12 December issue of the London Gazette and a year later, to the embarrassment of the Foreign Office, was awarded the Order of St Stanislaus (2nd Class, with swords) by the defeated White Russian Army (the announcement had to be censored from the London Gazette). After WW1 he was posted to the aircraft carrier HMS Argus while training under the RAF at Lee-on-Solent as an Observer. In December 1926 he was sent as "acting Observer" to HMS Furious with the Atlantic Fleet and in April 1927 to Farnborough for a course at the RAF School of Photography. He retired from the Royal Navy in 1929, in his early 40's, with the intention of taking up painting full time.
A prolific artist many commissions were secured through the of Saville Row naval outfitters, Gieves and Hawkes, whose naval officers customers asked Tufnell to paint meticulously accurate water colours of the ships on which they served. We are grateful to Bill Forster from Holywell House Publishing for his help. To read full biography; http://www.holywellhousepublishing.co.uk/Tufnell.html